” … In Garissa County, 51% of residents use improved sources of water, with the rest relying on unimproved sources. Use of improved sources is higher in female headed households at 59% compared with male headed households at 49%.
Dadaab constituency has the highest share of residents using improved sources of water at 92%.That is 9 times Balambala constituency, which has the lowest share of residents using improved sources of water. Dadaab constituency is 41 percentage points above the county average.
Goreale ward has universal access to improved sources of water at 100%.That is 100 percentage points above Sangailu ward, which has the lowest share using improved sources of water. Goreale ward is 49 percentage points above the county average”
The Constitution of Kenya 2010, captures two aspects of water — water and sanitation — as distinct rights. Article 43(b) states that, ‘[e]very person has the right to accessible and adequate housing, and reasonable standards of sanitations.
A detailed look into the constitutional provisions revels a number of elements: clean water, safe water, water in adequate quantities, and reasonable access to water-regard to marginalised communities — reasonable standards of sanitations’.
In the context of Garissa the right to adequate supply of water means improved sources of water comprise protected spring, protected well, borehole, piped into dwelling, piped and rain water collection while unimproved sources include pond, dam, lake, stream/river, unprotected spring, unprotected well, jabia, water vendor and others.
The County of Garrisa is water scarce. Only 23.8 per cent of the population have access to safe drinking water. Access to piped water is limited to the sub-county headquarters where approximately 27,725 households have connection.
The rest of the population uses unsafe water direct from the river, Laghas, boreholes, shallow wells and pans. The average distance to the nearest water point is 25Km. This implies that a large section of the county’s population cannot access safe water for domestic purposes.